چند مدتیه که به زمینه های کاری اقتصاد فکر می کنم . اقتصاد شاخه های متفاوتی داره . ولی دید بازار کار به این رشته چیزیه که در ادامه می بینید . وقتی در محیط درس و دانشگاه باشی کمتر فرصت می کنی به این موضوعات دقیق بشی . شاید جذابیت بعضی موضوعات باعث بشه محدودیت ها رو در مورد بکارگیری اون ها و زندگی آینده کم رنگ ببینی . به هر حال دید جالبی برقراره روی اقتصاد ( از دید بازار ) . قابل پیش بینی بوده این دید برای من ولی بعضی جاها استدلال های جالبی داره که واقعا نیاز داره در موردشون دقت بشه . به نظرم بعد از مدت ها یک پست کاربردی این جا آپ شد . این هم زکات این وبلاگ !
چند نکته ی مهم در مورد آینده ی شغلی و درآمدی اقتصاددانان :
- Slower than average job growth is expected as firms increasingly employ workers with titles that reflect specialized duties rather than the general title of economist.
- Job seekers with a background in economics should have opportunities in various occupations.
- Candidates who hold a master’s or Ph.D. degree in economics will have the best employment prospects and advancement opportunities.
- Quantitative skills are important in all economics specialties.
برخی مهارت های جانبی مفید اقتصاددانان :
Those considering careers as economists should be able to pay attention to details because much time is spent on precise data analysis. Candidates also should have strong computer and quantitative skills and be able to perform complex research. Patience and persistence are necessary qualities, given that economists must spend long hours on independent study and problem solving. Good communication skills also are useful, as economists must be able to present their findings, both orally and in writing, in a clear, concise manner.
توزیع اقتصاددانان بین مشاغل دولتی و خصوصی :
Economists held about 15,000 jobs in 2006. Government employed 52 percent of economists, in a wide range of agencies, with 32 percent in Federal Government and 20 percent in State and local government. The remaining jobs were spread throughout private industry, particularly in scientific research and development services and management, scientific, and technical consulting services. In addition to the previously mentioned jobs, economists hold faculty positions in colleges and universities.
موقعیت شغلی با توجه به سطح مدرک :
People who have a master’s or Ph.D. degree in economics, who are skilled in quantitative techniques and their application to economic modeling and forecasting, and who also have good communications skills, should have the best job opportunities. Like those in many other disciplines, some economists leave the occupation to become professors, but competition for tenured teaching positions is expected to be keen . Bachelor’s degree holders may face competition for the limited number of economist positions for which they qualify. However, they will qualify for a number of other positions that can use their economic knowledge. Many graduates with bachelor’s degrees will find jobs in industry and business as management or sales trainees. Bachelor’s degree holders with good quantitative skills and a strong background in mathematics, statistics, survey design, and computer science also may be hired as researchers. Some will find jobs in government.
پیش بینی وضعیت شغلی آینده ی اقتصاددانان :
Overall employment growth also will be slowed because of the relatively high number of economists employed in slow growing or declining government sectors. Employment growth should be fastest in private industry, especially in management, scientific, and technical consulting services. Rising demand for economic analysis in virtually every industry should stem from the growing complexity of the global economy, the effects of competition on businesses, and increased reliance on quantitative methods for analyzing and forecasting business, sales, and other economic trends. Some corporations choose to hire economic consultants to fill these needs, rather than keeping an economist on staff. This practice should result in more economists being employed in consulting services.
برخی مهارت ها که زمان تحصیل باید فرا گرفته شوند !
Aspiring economists should gain experience gathering and analyzing data, conducting interviews or surveys, and writing reports on their findings while in college. This experience can prove invaluable later in obtaining a full-time position in the field because much of the economist’s work, especially in the beginning, may center on these duties. With experience, economists eventually are assigned their own research projects. Related job experience, such as work as a stock or bond trader, might be advantageous.
شرایط و محیط کاری اقتصاددانان :
Economists have structured work schedules. They often work alone, writing reports, preparing statistical charts, and using computers, but they also may be an integral part of a research team. Most work under pressure of deadlines and tight schedules, which may require overtime. Their routine may be interrupted by special requests for data and by the need to attend meetings or conferences. Frequent travel may be necessary.
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